Lifestyle Behaviors in Relation to Dietary Quality by Diabetes Status in U.S. Adults
Afnan A Al-Ibrahim, PhD and Robert T Jackson, PhD, RD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 07, 2019
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is an ongoing program of the National Center for Health Statistics, which is a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NHANES is a cross-sectional survey that collects information on the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Participants in the NHANES surveys are selected using a complex, stratified multistage probability cluster sampling design to ensure that the sample is representative of the civilian, non-institutionalized U....
Potential Therapeutic Effects and Bioavailability of Wogonin, the Flavone of Baikal Skullcap
Zahra Gharari, Khadijeh Bagheri, Mortaza Khodaeiaminjan and Ali Sharafi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 06, 2019
The flavonoids extracted from dried roots of Scutellaria species have been used in traditional Eastern medicine for the treatment of several human ailments, including cancer and inflammation. Modern science proved that wogonin is one of the major bioactive agents responsible for the physiological activity of Baikal skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi.), which has been regarded as a potent anticancer agent. In this mini review, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer activity of wogonin are discussed. Besides, the bioavailability of wogonin and utilization of nanotechnology to improv...
Cluster Analysis and Phenotyping Based on Association of Sleep Studies and Cardiovascular Comorbidities
John Arek Kileci, Derya Arkonac, Leslie Seijo and Alfredo Astua
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 28, 2019
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a complex disease process with a known significant association with cardiovascular diseases and the metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to define phenotypes of OSA based on sleep studies and cardiovascular comorbidities and to further investigate whether there would be any meaningful association between these disease processes. Defining phenotypes could assist in individual targeted treatments for patients with OSA....
Treatment of Direct Head of the Rectus Femoris Injury with PRP Therapy in a Division I Basketball Player
Matthew Quinn, BS, Nicholas Lemme, MD, Phillip Salko, MD and Ramin R. Tabaddor, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 22, 2019
The Rectus Femoris (RF) is the most commonly injured quadriceps muscle and is second only to the hamstring in prevalence amongst lower extremity injuries occurring in athletes. For most high-level athletes, injuries involving these anatomical structures takes an average of 38 days for return to sport. Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), is an orthobiologic that is commonly used in the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. PRP acts as a catalyst in the healing process by using the patient's own blood to provide supraphysiologic levels of growth factors and cytokines directly to the site of injury....
Repercussions of Smoking Habit on Orofacial Pain and Temporomandibular Dysfunction: Integrative Review
Oliveira-Souza AIS, Oliveira Ferro JK, Santana da Silva TP, Vasconcelos SC, Costa Lima, MD, and Oliveira DA
Article Type: Integrative Review | First Published: August 21, 2019
Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) can be triggered by several factors, such as parafunctional habits, among them: smoking. However, the relationship between these two conditions is unclear. The aim of this study was to describe the repercussions of smoke habits in patients with TMD. This is an integrating review with a guiding question considered Population, Intervention, Comparison and Outcomes (PICO). The search strategy was conducted following some Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and the methodological quality analysis of the studies was carried out acco...
The Effect of Music Therapy on Cognitive Functions and Adaptation in Alzheimer's Patients
Busra Kayaaslan and Neslihan Lok
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 23, 2019
With the increasing life expectancy in the world, chronic diseases are seen in elderly individuals. There is currently no treatment that can prevent, stop or cure Alzheimer’s disease, one of these chronic diseases, or slow down neurodegeneration in AD. The treatments used are symptomatic treatments to slow down the course of the disease. Since the 1960s, psychosocial interventions have been used in addition to medications in the treatment of AD and its use has increased after the 2000s. One of the psychosocial interventions to be applied in AD is Music Therapy. It is emphasized that Music Th...
Association of Dairy Intake with Hypertension and Metabolic Syndrome in a Community-Based Brazilian Adults
Tatiana Cristina Figueira Polo, Silvia Justina Papini, Katia Portero Sloan, Patricia Baston Frenhani and Roberto Carlos Burini
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: August 26, 2019
Results of epidemiological studies that have evaluated the relationship between dairy food consumption and risk of metabolic syndrome are not consistent and sometimes controversial. This study included 763 individuals clinically selected for the lifestyle modification program “Move for health” and fulfilling the inclusion criteria of having data of socioeconomic, demographic, physical activity and dietary assessments, as well as the anthropometric, clinical and biochemical assessments for the metabolic syndrome diagnosis (National Cholesterol Educational Program Treatment Panel III)....
A Grounded Theory Study on the Academic Performance of Female Adolescents in the Context of Family Alcohol Addiction
Nina Aulmann and Simon Forstmeier
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 09, 2019
It is estimated that about 10-20% of children and adolescents live with a parent with alcohol problems. Psychosocial consequences like difficulty concentrating or learning, and the development of maladaptive coping strategies lead to a higher risk of addiction and to further psychological disorders. The aim of the current study is to investigate the subjective consequences of pathological alcohol consumption on the learning behavior of adolescents and young adults at school....
Posterior Circulation Infarcts and Carotid Disease. Is There a Correlation?
Ingram OD, Ali T, Khosla N, Burney K and Kakar P
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 14, 2019
We present a case of a 66-year-old man who presented with a history of Right Hemianopia and Right sided facial droop and weakness. CT and MRI brain imaging demonstrated areas of infarction affecting the vascular regions supplied by Left Middle Cerebral Artery and Left Posterior Cerebral Artery circulation. Carotid Duplex Arterial imaging demonstrated moderate Left Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis and CT Angiography demonstrated a dominant Left Posterior Communicating Artery. The origin of the multi-territory Stroke as demonstrated on the MRI scan was his underlying Carotid disease. The patient...