A Pediatrician's View on Toxic Stresses Perpetuated by Our Current Administration
Stephen Chrzanowski, MD, PhD
Article Type: Perspective | First Published: February 06, 2019
The amount of exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to correlate to long term physical, mental, and emotional health risks. Today's political climate is particularly toxic to children, who experience tolerance and perpetuation of ACEs under the leadership of our current governmental administration. Specifically, exposure to gun violence, separating children from their parents, and acceptance of hate have unnecessarily exposed today's youngest generation to ACEs. As pediatricians, it is in our best interest to ensure the health of our nation's children and provide the...
Excavata-Kinetoplastea Trypanosomatidae Parasites and the Interaction with their Hosts
Sylvia Ortiz and Aldo Solari
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 06, 2019
Kinetoplastea Trypanosomatidae are unicellular flagellated parasites of different kind of hosts. They cause diseases in plants, animals and humans. These parasites are transmitted by insect vectors in a wide range of geographic areas. In this communication we review the interactions between trypanosomatid parasites, their hosts and thoughts about their impact on environmental health, especially in those regions where hosts are natural reserves of many species. The interactions of these parasites and their hosts in some cases have great economic and environmental impact. We also address the gen...
Assessment of Breast Cancer Incidence in Patients with Mastalgia and Routine Screening
Altıntas Yasemin and Bayrak Mehmet
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 31, 2019
A total of 1884 women were included in the research. Following exclusion criteria: The 'mastalgia group' comprised 646 patients who had a mean age of 43.4 and the control group 647 patients who had a mean age of 44.2. There was no statistically significant difference in age between control with breast pain groups. Mammography was performed in 45.9% of the control group and 39.1% of the mastalgia group, and US was performed in 90.7% of patients with the control group and 93.1% in the mastalgia group. There was a important correlation between the two groups concerning BIRADS classification in ma...
Treatment of the Myofascial Trigger-Points of Triceps Surae: A Systematic Review
Mathias Simon, Albert Perez-Bellmunt, Olivier Peillon, Paolo Ragazzi, Alexandra Myers Escola and Carlos Lopez-de-Celis
Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: January 31, 2019
Myofascial Trigger Points (MTrPs) in the triceps surae muscles are very frequent and their presence may be implicated in pain, such as nocturnal night cramps. These points cause important limitations to athletic performance and daily activities. For this reason, treatment of these MTrPs are essential in the clinical field and have been addressed by a large number of therapeutic strategies. Therefore, the aim of this review is to analyze treatments available for the MTrPs in the triceps surae and their effectiveness....
Longitudinal Study of Lung Function, Exhaled Nitric Oxide and Level of Asthma Control in Children and Adolescents
Uarlhinson Oliveira Andrade, Giselle Santos Magalhaes, Nulma Souto Jentzsch and Maria Gloria Rodrigues-Machado
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 30, 2019
Asthma is a heterogeneous disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the airways, defined by history of respiratory symptoms of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and coughing, along with chronic airflow limitation. This disease presents different phenotypes which may be related to the natural history of the disease, with immune, inflammatory and structural characteristics of the airways and clinical control. The inflammation, structural changes caused by the maintenance of the inflammatory process and the imbalance between extracellular matrix synthesis and degradation lead to re...
Alcohol Delamination for Symptomatic Ocular Surface Diseases: Outcomes
Noelia Sabater, Jesus Costa-Vila, Joaquim Mauricio-Casanovas and Carlos Martin-Calvo
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 30, 2019
To evaluate outcomes of alcohol delamination of the corneal epithelium as a treatment for symptomatic ocular surface irregularities. A retrospective analysis of 10 eyes of 10 patients with corneal epithelial irregularities (9 with recurrent erosion syndrome and 1 Salzmann nodule) who were treated with alcohol delamination between November 2015 and January 2018 was conducted. All patients achieved success, defined as complete resolution of symptoms for at least one month. However, continued success (defined as complete resolution of symptoms for at least one year) was achieved in only 70% of th...
Nail Disorders in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure
Niema Aqil, Aicha Nassiri, Salim Gallouj and Fatima Zahra Mernissi
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 28, 2019
Ungual manifestations occurring in patients with end stage renal failure are polymorphic and diverse. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of different ungual manifestations in patients end stage renal failure. We led a transverse investigation of all patients with end stage renal failure followed in the department of nephrology of University Hospital Hassan II, during a period of three months from 01 August 2016 to 01 November 2016....
Evaluation of the Effects of Monoblock and Twin Force Appliances on the Dentofacial System
Abdurahman Kucukonder and Cenk Doruk
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 28, 2019
Twenty patients who were referred to our clinics were selected for our study. These patients were randomly allocated to each of the two functional appliance groups. Of these, 10 were treated with Monoblock and the remaining 10 were treated with Twin Force appliances. The inclusion criteria were as follows: Class II division 1 malocclusion, retrognathic mandible, peak growth period, normal or low-angle growth pattern and increased overjet. Pre-treatment and posttreatment cephalograms were obtained to evaluate the dentofacial changes. The intra-group comparisons were determined with paired sampl...
Family-Centered Care - A Tool to Decrease Malnutrition among Children in Vietnam
Anna Hagstrom, Hedvig Floren and Kristina Rosengren
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 24, 2019
Data collection was gained by seven semi-structured interviews with nursing students in their last year at the Advanced Nursing Program at Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam. Data was analyzed through a manifest qualitative content analysis. One category was found; Support through family-centered care, which includes two subcategories; Supporting healthy eating habits within the family and Managing limited resources, which describe nursing student's experiences of malnutrition among children in Vietnam....