Nurses Attitude and Self-Efficacy in Smoking Cessation Care to Hospitalized Patients
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 22, 2018
Today tobacco is the common form used for smoking. Worldwide, tobacco consumption is estimated to kill 1,000 million in the 21st century. Persons with mental illness consume about 33% of the tobacco used and nearly 46 million adults with mental illness have a smoking rate 70 percent higher than those without. Admission to the hospital provides an excellent opportunity for patients to quit smoking. A good knowledge of the hazards of smoking and cessation intervention alone is not adequate for a nurse, but a positive attitude and high self-efficacy are two eyes to provide a better practice....
State and Trait Anxiety Evaluation in Dental Patients
Hamid Razavian, Sara Mohammadi Sepah V, Hadi Zare and Ali Mohammadi Sepahvandi
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 07, 2018
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible relation between dental patient's state anxiety, demographic factors and past experience of treatments with their trait anxiety in patients undergoing root canal treatments (RCT). 60 patients participated in this study. A single molar was treated in every patient. At their first visit, patients were asked to fill out a questionnaire about their demographic and educational status as well as a Persian version of STAI-T (Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory). At the second visit they filled out a STAI-S (Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory) be...
Utility of Functional MRI and 3D Tractography in Presurgical Planning in Patients with Glioblastoma
Chaudhry Ammar, Badie Behnam, Jandial Rahul, Chen Mike, Korn Ron and Rahmanuddin Syed
Article Type: Image Article | First Published: December 07, 2018
Glioma (astrocytoma) is one of the most common primary intra-axial CNS neoplasm and glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive form of astrocytoma (grade IV). According to Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS), GBM is the most common primary malignant primary CNS neoplasm with median survival of only 15 months. With emergence of new treatment options on the horizon, imaging pre...
Comparison of Nutrition Screening and Assessment Parameters in Predicting Length of Hospital Stay
Susetyowati, Hamam Hadi, Mohammad Hakimi and Ahmad Husain Asdie
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 05, 2018
Prospective cohort study in Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, the central hospital in Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia. Subjects are 326 adult patients within 48 hours of hospital admission. We using The Simple Nutrition Screening Tool (SNST), Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 (NRS-2002), Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and Short Nutritional Assessment Ques...
Stem Cell Therapy for Ischemic Stroke: From Bench to Bedside
Jolien De Meyer, Jolien De Pryck and Said Hachimi-Idrissi
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 01, 2018
Every year ischemic stroke takes many lives and leaves millions of people with neurological deficits. Currently the only approved therapy is recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, which should be administered within a narrow time window of 4.5 hours. Stem cell therapy was first initiated in several preclinical studies with promising results and lately in some clinical trials. Our research consists of 2 systematic reviews where preclinical and clinical studies were pooled. We provide a systemic review of the evidence of efficacy of cell-based therapy in both preclinical and clinical setting....
D-Penicillamine in the Neonatal Period: Past (!), Present (!?) and Future (?!)
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 01, 2018
D-penicillamine (D-PA) was first recognized as a potential benefit for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (NHBI) caused by hemolytic diseases of the newborn infant or immaturity of UDP-glucuronyltransferase enzyme. During a long-term follow up study there was a remarkedly low incidence of retrolental fibroplasia (RLF) in the infants treated with D-PA in their neonatal period. Then, all infants < 1500 g birthweight were treated with D-PA to prevent retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This preventive intervention was associated with elimination of all stages of ROP in this randomized, single-centered com...
Interleukin 31 and Mast Cells: A New Piece in the Puzzle of the Pathophysiology of Multiple Sclerosis?
Andre Eduardo de Almeida Franzoi, Marcus Vinicius Magno Goncalves, Osvaldo Nascimento and Jefferson Becker
Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: November 30, 2018
During development, they enter the brain by way of penetrating blood vessels, with which they remain associated. MCs can move through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) of normal brain, but may also traverse the blood-spinal cord barrier and BBB when compromised by disease. They are capable of phagocytosis, antigen presentation, and can also modulate the adaptive immune response....
A Rare Occurrence of Mucous Retention Cyst in Midcheek Region - A Case Report
Sushrut Vaidya, Srivalli Natarajan, Usha Asnani, Nitesh D Patkar and Adil Gandevivala
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 30, 2018
Cystic lesions of the minor salivary glands are very common. These lesions are referred to clinically and collectively as mucoceles and can be of either the extravasation or the retention type. Intraoral retention phenomenon is quite common but the presence of retention cyst extraorally mimicking as midcheek mass is rare. These lesions often arise from the salivary glands, but can also originate f...
Correlation between Alcohol-Based Handrub Consumption and Adherence to Hand Hygiene Protocols in Individual Nurses
Yoko Yamamoto, Kiyomi Harada, Masako Murota, Yukie Takishita, Yoko Iwawaki, Tomoko Matsuoka, Yukari Nishiuchi, Toshie Ibayashi and Kenya Matsumoto
Article Type: Brief Report | First Published: November 30, 2018
Hand hygiene helps prevent health care-associated infections. Prior studies have investigated methods to measure adherence to hand hygiene protocols and have attempted to determine the correlation between alcohol-based handrub consumption and hand hygiene adherence via direct observation in healthcare facilities or wards, but there remains need for methods measuring hand hygiene adherence in individual health care workers. The failure of even one worker to adhere to the hand hygiene protocols can increase the risk of infection. We aimed to examine the correlation between alcohol-based handrub ...