Table 1: Characteristics of participating women and neonates from health record books as categorized by study site.

 

Characteristics

Total number of participants, N = 182

Maternity Units in health facilities (number of participating women)

South Suntreso Government Hospital (n = 61)

Aninwah Medical Center

(n = 50)

Manhyia District Hospital

(n = 71)

Mean Age SD (years)

28.00 5.52

28.18 4.84

28.66 4.72

27.38 6.44

Educational Level

 

 

 

 

No formal Education: No. (%)

19 (10.44)

1 (1.64)

-

18 (25.35)

Primary: No. (%)

65 (35.71)

6 (9.84)

19 (38.0)

40 (56.34)

Secondary/Vocational education (No, %)

65 (35.71)

33 (54.10)

21 (42.0)

11 (15.49)

Tertiary: No. (%)

33 (18.13)

21 (34.43)

9 (18.0)

3 (4.23)

Gravida status

 

 

 

 

Primigravidae: No. (%)

67 (36.81)

25 (40.98)

26 (52.0)

16 (22.54)

Secundigravidae: No. (%)

40 (21.98)

15 (24.59)

8 (16.0)

17 (23.94)

Multigravidae: No. (%)

78 (42.86)

21 (34.43)

16 (32.0)

41 (57.75)

History of spontaneous abortions occurrence

 

 

 

 

Never: No. (%)

150 (82.42)

51 (83.61)

36 (72.0)

63 (88.73)

Once: No. (%)

22 (12.09)

7 (11.48)

9 (18.0)

6 (8.45)

Twice: No. (%)

6 (3.30)

3 (4.92)

3 (6.0)

-

Thrice or more: No. (%)

4 (2.20)

-

2 (4.0)

2 (2.82)

Adherence to SP prophylaxis: No. (%)

178 (97.80)

59 (96.72)

48 (96.0)

68 (95.78)

Plasmodium spp infection during pregnancy: No. (%)

51 (28.02)

14 (22.95)

16 (32.0)

21 (29.58)

Mean Gestational age (weeks) {range}

38.35 1.41 {32.05- 44.36}

38.57 1.33 {36.2- 41.03}

38.40 1.46 {36.84- 41.31}

38.09 1.45 {32.05- 44.36}

Haemoglobin level (g/dL; median; range)

11.11 (6.4-16.7)

11.8 (9.6-16.7)

11.2 (9.2-14.2)

11.1 (6.4-15.9)

Number of babies

N = 185

n = 61

n = 50

n = 74

Sex of Babies

 

 

 

 

Male: No. (%)

111 (60.0)

43 (70.49)

31 (62.0)

37(50.0)

Female: No. (%)

74 (40.0)

18 (29.51)

19 (38.0)

37 (50.0)

Mean birth weight SD (kgs) {range}

3.08 0.42 {2.1-4.5}

2.9 0.39 {2.3-4.1}

3.32 0.44 {2.1-4.5}

3.06 0.38 {2.1-3.85}

Mean weight of placenta SD (kg)

0.24 0.12

0.27 0.077

0.29 0.079

0.24 0.12

Mean Placenta weight - to - birth ratio SD

0.085 0.037

0.095 0.02

0.088 0.028

0.079 0.046

Method of Delivery

 

 

 

 

Caesarian Section: No. (%)

17 (9.18)

3 (4.92)

13 (26)

1 (1.35)

Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery: No. (%)

168 (90.81)

58 (95.08)

37 (74)

73 (98.64)