Table 4: Breastfeeding initiation among women with CHTN according to pregestational Body Mass Index.

 

BMI kg/m2

30-39

BMI kg/m2

≥ 40

p

Mother-Infant Dyads no.

130

146

 

CHTN no. (%)

100 (77)

113 (77)

NS

     CHTN with medications no. (%)

49 (38)

47 (32)

NS

CHTN with superimposed preeclampsia no. (%)

30 (23)

33 (23)

NS

Mothers age (y) mean ± SD

31 ± 6

31 ± 6

NS

Race

 

 

 

     Black no. (%)

34 (26)

48 (33)

NS

     White no. (%)

80 (62)

85 (58)

NS

     Other no. (%)

16 (12)

13 (9)

NS

Primiparous no. (%)

51 (39)

71 (48)

NS

Mode of Delivery

 

 

 

     Vaginal no. (%)

87 (67)

69 (47)

0.001

     Primary cesarean no. (%)

22 (17)

47 (32)

0.004

     Repeat cesarean no. (%)

21 (16)

30 (21)

NS

Mother length of stay (d) mean ± SD

3 ± 1

4 ± 4

NS

Gestational age (w) mean ± SD

38 ± 1

38 ± 2

NS

     Preterm no. (%)

17 (13)

22 (15)

NS

     Term no. (%)

113 (87)

124 (85)

NS

Birthweight (g) mean ± SD

3129 ± 538

3247 ± 581

NS

     Small for gestational age no. (%)

14 (11)

11 (8)

NS

     Large for gestational age no. (%)

8 (6)

24 (16)

0.008

Admission to NICU no. (%)

17 (13)

28 (19)

NS

Infant length of stay (d) mean ± SD

3 ± 3

4 ± 3

NS

Infant Feeding at Discharge

     

     Exclusive breastfeeding total no. (%)

62 (48)

69 (47)

NS

          Direct breastfeeding no. (%)

49 (79)

53 (77)

NS

          Expressed breast milk no. (%)

13 (21)

16 (23)

NS

     Partial breastfeeding total no. (%)

45 (34)

51 (35)

NS

          Direct breastfeeding and Formula no. (%)

32 (71)

28 (55)

NS

          Expressed breast milk and Formula no. (%)

13 (29)

23 (45)

NS

     Formula feeding no. (%)

23 (18)

26 (18)

NS

Breastfeeding initiation no. (%)

107 (82)

120 (82)

NS

CHTN Chronic hypertension