Table 1: Torque peak mean values (N.cm) and standard deviation from screws placement and removal after static and dynamic loads.

Torque Control Static Dynamic
Placement 13.02 (1.67) 11.51 (2.11) 10.18 (1.17)
Removal 12.82 (1.75) 11.37 (4.02) 4.2 (2.8)

ANOVA with Tukey┬┤s multiple comparisons were applied at p = 0.05. Statistical difference was seen in paired comparisons after dynamic load at p = 0.0026. No differences in placement torque peak values were seen between static (p = 0.2165) and control group; and dynamic (p = 0.2337) with control group and between placement and removal torque values from control groups (p = 0.8581).