Table 1: Baseline characteristics of Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cases and healthy controls, PADRE study 2020.

Characteristic

Controls

n = 54

Cases

n = 31

Demographics

Overall age, median (min, max)

59.5 (40, 86)

62 (45, 85)

Age for Men, median (min, max)

59 (45, 85)

60 (45, 84)

Age for Women, median (min, max)

62 (40, 86)

69 (48, 85)

Men, n (%)

33 (61.1)

26 (83.9)

Asset index, n (%)

Poor

18 (33.3)

10 (32.3)

Fair

20 (37.0)

10 (32.3)

Rich

16 (29.6)

11 (35.5)

Self-reported family history of cancer

Esophageal and stomach cancers

21 (38.9)

14 (45.2)

Smoking cigarettes, n (%)

smoked > 100 cigarettes in lifetime

32 (59.3)

30 (96.8)

Pack years (median, IQR#)

Alcohol use (times per day), n (%)

None

28 (51.9)

8 (25.8)

1 to 2

15 (27.8)

9 (29.0)

3 to 4

9 (16.7)

11 (35.5)

5 or more

2 (3.7)

3 (9.7)

Primary cooking fuel, n (%)

Firewood

50 (92.6)

30 (96.8)

Mean years of primary fuel use

33.8 (11.9)

37.6 (11.3)

Secondary cooking fuel, n (%)

Charcoal

10 (18.5)

7 (22.6)

Years of secondary fuel

15.2 (11.2)

16.8 (13.2)

#IQR: Interquartile range Asset index: calculated from principal components of assets owned