Uterine Arteriovenous Malformations and its Imitators: Is there a Role for Hysteroscopy?
Christopher M Tarney, Saioa Torrealday and Jason Parker
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 28, 2015
Uterine arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are an uncommon vascular disease occurring in women during the reproductive years, which can lead to life-threatening vaginal bleeding. The prevalence of AVMs is unknown with less than 100 case reports described in the literature. Uterine AVMs may be congenital or acquired; risk factors for the latter include early pregnancy loss, pregnancy termination, and instrumentation of the uterus, cervical or endometrial cancer, endometritis, and trophoblastic di...
Growing Teratoma Syndrome Concurrent with Pregnancy: A Case Report and Literature Review
Aki Tanaka-Murakami, Masakazu Abe, Yuka Kasamatsu, Nobuhiro Kado, Shiho Kuji, Nobutaka Takahashi, Munetaka Takekuma and Yasuyuki Hirashima
Article Type: Case Report and Literature Review | First Published: November 30, 2015
Growing teratoma syndrome (GTS) is a rare disease characterized by the appearance of benign metastatic lesions during or after chemotherapy for germ cell tumor. Complete surgical resection is important for the diagnosis and cure of GTS. We encountered a patient with a suspected GTS during her second pregnancy and childbirth; 4 years later, radical surgery confirmed the diagnosis. A tumor that was suspected to be GTS was observed in a 31 year old 2 para woman immediately after the completion of f...
Familial Hypercholesterolemia and Pregnancy: Risk and Management
Roberta Mombelli and Giuliana Mombelli
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 18, 2015
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a dominantly inherited disorder present from birth with elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and increased risk for premature coronary heart disease (CHD) with clinical manifestation between the first and the fourth decades of life. Although statins are the most effective therapy for individuals with FH the use of statins is contraindicated during pregnancy. For this reason, before of a pregnancy the lipid-lowering drugs are discontin...
VIA and Challenges of a Single Visit Approach in Malawi
Haeok Lee, Mary Sue Makin, Jasintha T Mtengezo and Address Malata
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 01, 2015
Cancer of the cervix is the most common cancer in women in sub-Saharan Africa. This is a report of the experience of a 25 year-old HIV negative woman with five children who was detected with a precancerous lesion with VIA at a local health facility. She was referred for post-VIA treatment at another facility 60 Km away. She traveled all day for her follow-up treatment and spent all her money to get there so that she had none remaining to pay for food or her return bus fare. This case study point...