Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding Ebola Virus Disease among Students at a School of Medicine in Dakar, Senegal
Diallo Mbaye K, Fortes L, Lakhe NA, Cisse Diallo VMP, Ka D, Kemi R, Massaly A, Thioub D, Badiane AS, Fall NM, Ndour CT, Soumaré M and Seydi M
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 21, 2019
Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a serious and highly contagious viral disease. It constitutes a public health threat and emergency. Therefore, all medical staff, notably medical students, should be trained to lessen the health outcomes during an outbreak. The aims of this paperwork are to determine the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices regarding EVD of students at St Christopher Iba Mar Diop Medical School in Dakar in the one hand and identify the associated factors the other hand. We carried out ...
Assessment of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Medical Students Regarding Hepatitis B Infection at a Private University of Medicine in Senegal
Fortes Deguenonvo L, Massaly A, Ngom Gueye NF, Diallo Mbaye K, Cisse Diallo VMP, Lakhe NA, Ka D, Thioub D, Badiane AS, Edzang TB, Fall NM, Dieye A, Massaly A, Diop M, Ndour CT, Soumare S and Seydi M
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 19, 2019
Senegal is among the most endemic countries for viral hepatitis B with 11% of chronic HBV carriers. Students in the health sector are among those most at risk. The objectives of this study were to determine the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) of students at a private university in Dakar regarding viral hepatitis B and to identify associated factors. A cross-sectional, descriptive, and analytical study has been conducted among students of the St Christopher Iba Mar Diop School from April...
Tuberculosis Re-Treatment Cases and Factors Associated with Unfavourable Outcome at the Fann University Hospital of Dakar, Senegal between 2011 and 2016: A Follow-Up Study
Viviane Marie Pierre Cisse Diallo, Louise Fortes Deguenonvo, Aminata Massaly, Ndeye Aissatou Lakhe, Daye Ka, Khardiata Diallo M Baye, Ndeye Fatou Ngom Gueye, Assane Diouf, Farah Djamal Waberi, Alassane Dieye, Ndeye Maguette Fall, Cheikh Tacko Diop, Cheikh Tidiane Ndour, Sylvie Diop Nyafouna, Masserigne Soumare and Moussa Seydi
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 09, 2019
The aim of our study was to describe the socio-demographic, clinical, therapeutic and evolutionary characteristics of patients admitted to tuberculosis re-treatment and managed at the The Infectious and Tropical Diseases Department (SMIT) screening and tuberculosis treatment center (TTC), to determine the factors associated with unfavourable outcome. This is a descriptive and analytical retrospective cross sectional study covering all tuberculosis re-treatment cases monitored in the service of i...
Histopathologic Detection and Identification of Infectious Agents in Granulomatous Inflammation: Comparison with Culture
Sarah Hackman, MD and Daniel D Mais, MD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 09, 2019
Granulomas in surgical specimens, especially within lung and lymph nodes, commonly have an infectious etiology. Granulomatous tissue is usually sent to both surgical pathology for tissue examination and to clinical microbiology laboratories for culture. We performed a retrospective review and comparison of histochemical stains and clinical microbiology culture results in 132 surgical pathology granuloma specimens to determine the utility of tissue morphological examination for detection and iden...
Host-Related Predictors of Persistence of Hepatitis C Virus Infection
Engy Mohamed El-Ghitany and Azza Galal Farghaly
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 16, 2019
Spontaneous clearance occurs in varying proportions in individuals infected by hepatitis C virus (HCV). However, the factors associated with this clearance are debatable. Their recognition may lead to a better understanding of HCV natural history and eventually improve associated prediction and management models. Aim: This study was conducted to determine the host-related factors associated with persistence of HCV infection. Among 1059 HCV-antibody-positive individuals who denied receiving HCV a...
Statistical Behavior of Hospital Admissions for Respiratory Diseases by Probability Distribution Functions
Amaury de Souza, Flavio Aristone, Widinei A Fernandes, Zaccheus Olaofe, Marcel Carvalho Abreu, Jose Francisco de Oliveira Junio, Guilherme Cavazzana and Cícero Manoel dos Santos
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 04, 2019
Climate change has a high impact on health and morbidity/ mortality in respiratory system diseases and remains poorly investigated in probability distribution modeling. The objective of this study was to analyze the adjustments of Burr (Bu), Inv Gausian 3P (IG3P), Lognormal (LN), Pert (Pe), Rayleigh 2P (Ra 2P) and Weibull 3P (W3P) distributions of the historical series of hospitalizations for respiratory diseases (total hospital admissions) for the period from 2004 to 2018, in Campo Grande, MS. ...
Climate Variability and Its Impact on the Incidence by Dengue in Six Endemic States of the Mexican Republic
Perez Contreras Irma, Alvarado Bravo Krystel Mariel, Barragan Gonzales Alin and Velasco Perez Daniel Alejandro
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 04, 2019
Climate variables are one of the main drivers of dengue epidemics and the proliferation of their vectors. Significant relationships have been found between fluctuations in temperature, rainfall, and the incidence of dengue. The interaction between high levels of these variables significantly influences the increase in the incidence after at least one month of this event. The confirmed cases of dengue reported in the epidemiological bulletins of the Epidemiology General Directorate were collected...
Hepatitis C in Adults and Children: A Cross-Sectional Review from a Tertiary Hospital, Northeast Nigeria during the Period 2008-2015
Isaac Warnow Elon, Ajani Ayomikun, Jalo Iliya, Alkali Yaya, Oyeniyi Christianah, Okolie Henry, Saidu Abubakar, Jibrin Bara, Aremu John, Kudi Ayuba, Danlami Halilu and Charanchi Musa
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 04, 2019
HCV is a leading cause of liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and liver failure related deaths among children, adolescents and adults worldwide. Sub-Saharan Africa suffers disproportionately from lack of access to both screening for HCV and treatment services with a resultant high rate of chronic hepatitis C related morbidity and mortality. Nigeria is considered among countries with high Hepatitis C burden and the national prevalence average in 2013 was estimated to be 2.2%. Routine screen...