Antropometric Measures and Physical Habilities for Elders Practioners of Physical Activities Programs on West of Parana
Jacques Macsue, Possamai Leonardo Trevisol, Nogueira Edinaldo JS, Paganotto Maykon and Dorst Debora Goulart Bourscheid
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: October 31, 2015
Aging is the last phase of adulthood characterized by the set of physiological changes, reduced physical abilities and basic skills such as strength and balance. However studies show that physical exercise is highly important in improving and maintaining physical fitness. Thus this study aimed to correlate the strength of arms and legs with circumference of left and right leg and balance. This study included elders participants of exercise projects for seniors existing in Cascavel and Four Bridg...
The Original Compared with Terminal in Anterior or Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tear
Denglu Yan, Yancheng Song, Zhaojie Wang and Zhi Zhang
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 29, 2015
Background: It currently remains unclear why the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is most commonly torn from its proximal attachment on the femur and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is torn from its distal attachment on the tibia. This study is designed to evaluate the difference of ligament attachment in bone through a comparison of the origin with the terminal ends in both the ACL and PCL. Methods: A sample population of 203 knee patients was assessed through magnetic resonance imaging (...
Physiologic Changes and Nutrient Intake in Female Participants during a Simulated 80.5 Kilometer Ultramarathon Run: A Pilot Study
R Scott Van Zant, Justin Grogg, Jennifer Schoon, Jason Exposito and Meghan Carroll
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: October 8, 2015
Purpose: To frequently examine body weight (BW), blood parameters, nutrient/fluid (N/F) intake, urine output and vital signs of recreational female runners completing a simulated ultramarathon. Methods: Three participants completed an 80.5 km run on a closed 8.1 km course. BW, blood glucose (BG), N/F intake and urine output were measured 24 hr pre- and post event. Complete blood count was measured 1 hr pre-and post event. BW, HR, SBP, DBP, BG, blood lactate (BL), RPE, lower extremity (LE) VAS pa...
Manuscripts in the Sport and Exercise Sciences
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: September 20, 2015
Scientific journals act as a means of exchange or the sharing of information / novel ideas between the author and its readership. A journal's editorial board are responsible for published papers which attain high standards of scientific merit. In order to further this process the authors have a responsibility to write clearly and succinctly, with clarity for the reader being upper-most in mind. Thus 'jargon' needs to be avoided and any acronyms used in the manuscript clearly defined. The methods...
A Community-Based Exercise and Support Group Program Improves Quality of Life in African-American Breast Cancer Survivors: A Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis
Nora L. Nock, Cynthia Owusu, Susan Flocke, Susan A. Krejci, Emily L. Kullman, Kris Austin, Beth Bennett, Stephen Cerne, Carl Harmon, Halle Moore, Mary Vargo, Paul Hergenroeder, Hermione Malone, Michael Rocco, Russell Tracy, Hillard M. Lazarus, John P. Kirwan, Ellen Heyman and Nathan A. Berger
Article Type: Orginal Research Article | First Published: September 5, 2015
African-American (AA) breast cancer (BCa) survivors have higher mortality rates, more comorbidities and are less likely to meet national physical activity guidelines after diagnosis compared to Caucasian BCa survivors. We previously reported that a 20-week resistance exercise intervention coupled with a support group and home walking program, conducted using facilities and personnel at a community cancer support center, in Stage I-III AA BCa survivors improved strength, fitness and circulating C...
Severe Musculoskeletal Injuries due to the use of Cleats Whilst Cycling
J Kukadia, G Zamfir, G Arealis, N Ashwood and B Karagkevrekis
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: September 4, 2015
In cycling, pedalling symmetry and foot position is paramount for an energy efficient and injury free ride. Traditionally a clipped pedal was used to secure the foot onto the pedal, which was found to be related to a number of overuse knee injuries, leading to the advent of clipless pedals or cleats, which allowed for a more efficient pedal stroke. Whilst there is some research behind cleat design in football, little remains for cycling. Here we present a series of five patients with severe trau...