Objective Quantitative CT Evaluation using Different Attenuation Ranges in Patients with Pulmonary Fibrosis: Correlations with Visual Scores
Shin Matsuoka, Tsuneo Yamashiro, Shoichiro Matsushita, Atsuko Fujikawa, Kunihiro Yagihashi and Yasuo Nakajima
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 30, 2016
Objective quantitative evaluation for the extent of fibrosis has been introduced using CT densitometry in patients with interstitial lung diseases, however, there have been no definitive attenuation cut-off values to evaluate the extent of ground-glass opacity and fibrosis separately. This study was conducted to investigate the relationships between quantitative CT measurements using different attenuation ranges and visual CT scores, and to determine whether the different attenuation ranges can ...
Prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Southwestern Taiwan: A Population-Based Study
Su-Lun Hwang, Yu-Ching Lin, Su-Er Guo, Miao-Ching Chi, Chiang-Ting Chou and Chieh-Mo Lin
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: May 23, 2016
Objective: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) poses a substantial burden of illness in the Asia-Pacific region, as it does worldwide. However large-scale and community-based epidemiology studies of COPD in Taiwan are limited. This paper conducted a population-based study to investigate the prevalence of COPD in southwestern Taiwan. Methods: Data were conducted using a subset of medical claims data from the National Health Insurance Research database (NHIRD) from 2008 to 2010. The preva...
Left Hemi-Diaphragmatic Hydatid Cyst - A Rare Presentation and Diagnostic Challenge
Haris Hakeem, Ghulam Fareed, Muhammad Irfan and Saulat Fatmi
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 22, 2016
Echinococcosis or hydatid cyst disease is among the oldest diseases known to man. Common presentations include involvement of liver and lungs. Hydatid cyst in diaphragm without hepatic involvement is rare and less than 100 cases are reported in literature. We are describing a case of a young female who presented with cough anddyspnea secondary to large cysts that appeared to involve the right lung and spleen on initial imaging studies. Peroperatively, however, the presumed spleenic cystwas surpr...
A Case Report: What is the Real Cause of Death from Acute Chlorine Exposure in an Asthmatic Patient?
Toprak S and Kalkan EA
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 21, 2016
This case report presents an acute and chronic inflammation process at the same time and resulted in death following exposure to chlorine gas. A 65-years-old woman died shortly after cleaning her bathroom with a mixture of various chemicals including bleach and an acid containing product. She was declared dead when she arrives to hospital. She is a non-smoker and has no significant medical history other than asthma. Toxicological analysis showed that paracetamol, methylprednisolone, venlafaxine ...