Patient Outcomes Cost, and Length of Stay Associated with Biventricular Assist Devices in the United States (2009- 2015)
Hyeon-Ju Ryoo Ali, Afshin Ehsan, Kevin Kennedy, Peter Riley, Angie Seo, Navkaranbir S Bajaj, Amitoj Singh, Frank Sellke, Daniel Levine, Michael Kiernan and Rayan Yousefzai
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: February 19, 2022
With recent advances in left ventricular assist device (LVAD) technology, the utilization of LVADs has increased while mortality, cost, and length of stay (LOS) have significantly decreased. This study sought to determine the national trends of surgically implanted biventricular assist devices (BiVADs). ...
Mitral Regurgitation in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: A Narrative Review of Mechanism and Current Management
Ashraf M Anwar, MD, PhD, FESC
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 10, 2022
Significant mitral regurgitation (MR) is frequent in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) either obstructive or non-obstructive. Many studies described that significant MR is associated with poor long-term outcome of HCM patients, which indicate the importance of an adequate MR assessment including detailed evaluation of the mitral valve (MV) anatomy. Mitral malformations have been identified in HCM at all levels. They occur in the MV leaflets with a wide array of malformations of the...
Caseous Calcification of the Mitral Annulus: From Asymptomatic Lesion to Embolic Complication- Case Report
Slavica Mitrovska, MD, PhD, Sasko Jovev, Vasil Papestiev and Vesna Mitashova
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 24, 2022
Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA) is a rare form of mitral annular calcification with a prevalence of 0.06% in the general population. It is considered a benign condition, but in some cases it carries a risk for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. There is no consensus regarding treatment strategy and surgery is recommended for mitral valve dysfunction or thromboembolic events. We present a case of surgical management of caseous mass of the posterior commissures of the mi...