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Case Report  |   Volume 3, Issue 3

Bilateral Renal Papillary Hypertrophy: A Rare Cause of Benign Essential Hematuria Endoscopic Diagnosis and Management

Alexander Birk, Achanking Afiadata and Jyoti Upadhyay

Benign essential hematuria is an idiopathic gross hematuria of renal origin without evidence of radiographic, histologic, or functional abnormalities of the kidney. Although the natural history for benign essential hematuria often is spontaneous resolution of symptom, some severe cases may require treatment for control of persistent hematuria.

PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2469-5742/1510031

Case Report  |   Volume 3, Issue 3

Case Report about a Primary Bladder Lymphoma

Nina Combaz and Annette Kuhn

Primary isolated bladder lymphoma represents around 0.2% of all extranodal Non-Hodgkin-Lymphoma and less than 1% of all bladder tumours. Clinical representation may be unspecific and correct diagnosis is essential for the appropriate treatment.

PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2469-5742/1510030

Research Article  |   Volume 3, Issue 3

Abdominal Approach for Vesicovaginal Fistulas: Outcomes and Risk Factors for Failure

Amy Y Li, Joseph E Papin, Anne M Suskind, Anne P Cameron, J Quentin Clemens and John T Stoffel

We retrospectively examined surgical outcomes for Vesicovaginal Fistulas (VVF) repaired through an abdominal, transperitoneal approach. Failure of VVF repair was defined as any urine leakage from the repaired fistula tract after hospital discharge.

PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2469-5742/1510029

Volume 3
Issue 3