International Archives of

Public Health and Community MedicineISSN: 2643-4512


 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710036

Factors Associated with the Nutritional Status of Schoolchildren in the Main City of Benin Republic, Sub-Saharan Africa

Colette S Azandjeme, Florence Alihonou, Charles J Sossa, Ulrich Gbatcho, Fabien Gounongbe, Michel Makoutode and Victoire D Agueh

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 05, 2020

This was a cross-sectional study conducted in July 2016. It involved data collection regarding food and nutritional knowledge, nutritional habits and practices, physical activity level and health status which were obtained using survey research. The study took place in four schools from the Friendly School of Nutrition Initiative (FNSI) in Cotonou and focused on schoolchildren aged from eight to eleven (n = 182). Anthropometric data including weight and height were collected, BMI indices weight-...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710035

Efficacy, Effectiveness and Efficiency in the Health Care: The Need for an Agreement to Clarify its Meaning

Enrique Burches, MD, PhD and Marta Burches, MD

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: January 25, 2020

There is great interest in ensuring that health system resources are used effectively. Dictionary says efficacy, effectiveness and efficiency are synonymous. Curiously, it is in many scientific fields where there has been imposed an artificial interpretation of these terms. Efficacy, in the health care sector, is the capacity of a given intervention under ideal or controlled conditions. Effectiveness is the ability of an intervention to have a meaningful effect on patients in normal clinical con...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710034

Evaluation of the Level of Knowledge of the Population and Risk Factors Related to Leptospirosis in an Endemic City

Bruna Helena Kipper, Carlos Efrain Stein, Thais Helena Szabo Castro, Bruna Carvalho da Silva, Catiane Baumgartel, Kaiane Pereira, Milena Capo dos Santos and Marina Cardoso Fernandes

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 24, 2020

Leptospirosis is an infectious-contagious zoonosis caused by gram-negative bacteria, a spirochete of the genus Leptospira. It is largely related to high rainfall levels, accumulation of litter, presence of rodents and lack of basic sanitation. The present study aimed to verify the level of knowledge of the population and the risk factors of leptospirosis in a region frequently affected by floods in Blumenau/Santa Catarina/Brazil, as well as the control of rodents carried out by the interviewees....

Volume 4
Issue 1