The field of pain management is continuously evolving. Management of perioperative pain is usually with opioids or NSAIDS. Research is now evolving into the use of unconventional analgesics to help with nociceptive and neuropathic pain. 1. Membrane stabilizers/Sodium channel blockers - Lidocaine and Mexiletine. 2. Anticonvulsants- Carbamazepine, Sodium Valproate, Gabapentin. 3. Tricyclic antidepressants- Amitriptyline, Nortryptiline, Desiprimine, Protriptyline, Doxepin. 4. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors- Venlafaxine, Tramadol. 5. TRPV1 agonists- Capsaicin. 6. NMDA receptor antagonists- Ketamine. 7. Vitamin therapies- IV magnesium, Vitamin C, Vitamin D. 8. Spinal alpha agonists- Clonidine, Dexmetomidine. 9. Other medication trials are ongoing based on site of action- Tetratodoxin etc. This special section will be devoted to papers that demonstrate the benefits of these medications in pain therapies.
Genevieve is a practicing Physician Anesthesiologist at Stanford University who is trained and board certified in both General Anesthesiology and Pediatric Anesthesiology and is a diplomate of the American Board of Pain Medicine and is fellowship trained in Pediatric Pain. She practices both pediatric anesthesia and chronic pain at Stanford Children's Hospital. She is also the Co- lead for the Preoperative Pediatric Anesthesia clinic at Stanford Children's Hospital.
She is the author of multiple book chapters and has presented abstracts at multiple national and international Anesthesiology and Pain meetings. She has also cohosted Satellite symposiums at the International association for the study of pain.